Autism in Children | Autism Symptoms | ASD | NaturoCosmos

Autism, a true curse on childhood. Mental growth, expression of thoughts, emotions, and behavior patterns. These are the capabilities affected by this dangerous disorder. Let us discuss autism in children.



It is the happiest time for every parent if the child flourishes day by day. But, if the same child has problems in growth, it is an absolute mental distress for the parents. Exactly, autism is of the same kind.

What is Autism?

Autism is a disorder in neurodevelopment. In fact, it is a group of disorders named as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). These disorder characteristics include several challenges. Repetitive behaviors, speech chaos, nonverbal communication, and social skills are the most common.



Autism Symptoms in Children


Children suffering from autism have symptoms including

  • Not able to make eye contact with other people.
  • Not able to respond to people even after calling with their name many times.
  • Not to interact with other people or children and wants to be lonely for most of the time.
  • Not able to have proper speaking or complete the words.
  • Not able to express their problems or wishes.
  • Peculiar behavior patterns including hand flapping and obsession towards objects.
  • Having echolalia. Echolalia is the process of repeating the same thing having already specified.
But every child may not have the same symptoms. Identifying the problem in the earlier stage will help to cure autism.

Summary

Symptoms for autism in children may vary depending on the severity of the disorder. A problem in making eye contact with others, problem to respond while calling, and problem to interact with others are the common symptoms. One can identify autism in children with these symptoms.



Evolution of Autism

Autism was most seen in children from western countries and rich families. This was in earlier days. Now, this has a significant increase in children from a country like India.

Also, the prevalence of autism has got a significant increase across the globe. Since 1980 autism status has been changing. By the end of 2007, the autism status has reached to 1 or 2 children out of every 1000 children. By the end of 2017, the autism status was  1 child out of every 100 children. As of now, it has got an increase of up to 1 child out of every 54 children.

It is imperative that this is a lifetime disability. But yet, if identified at the right time the child can have the chance of getting rid of autism.

Generally, autism recognition in a child can happen at the age of 18 months. Till then the growth in the child will be normal like other children. Parents can find the regressive symptoms at that age.

Doctors provide treatment based on the Autism Rating Scale. This is for an identified autism child. The more the scale indicates the more the problem intensity.

Summary

In the early years, Autism was in western countries. As the centuries pass, it has spread globally. As of today, every 1 child suffers from autism out of every 54 children. It is important to recognize autism within the first 18 months of birth.



Autism Causes

There is no single reason for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). But it is a strong belief that this happens because of some reason. The reasons include abnormalities in the structure of the brain and its functionality. Differences occur in brain shape and brain structure in children suffering from autism. This is when compared with normal neurotypical children.

Researches, could not find the exact causes for autism. They are considering theories about genetics, heredity, and medical problems.


Disorders are available including autism or autism-related issues in many families. Researchers assumed that the disorder is gene theory dependent, based on this. 


Also, Researchers are looking for disorders of gene indications. These are for autism children as a heredity. With this, researchers found that some children have the chance of autism getting attacked. But, the researches have not identified a single ‘Trigger’ that handles autism.


Also, researchers are investigating that unstable genes may interact with brain development. This again results in autism in children.




Also, researchers are investigating the causes of autism as several other problems. These include

  • Pregnancy or delivery period
  • Viral infections
  • Imbalance in metabolism
  • Premature delivery
  • Less weight of the infant
  • Exposure to chemicals.

Summary

There is no particular reason identified for the cause of autism. Yet, researchers are investigating considering theories about genetics, heredity, and medical problems.

Types of Autism

Depending on the characteristics and intensity, the autism types include:
1. Autistic disorder
2. Pervasive development disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)
3. Asperger’s Syndrome
4. Childhood disintegrative disorder


The autistic disorder has got less intensity of autism. The other 3 types of disorders have got more intensity.

In these types of disorders, the children experience various problems. These include:

1. Not having the expression of thoughts
2. Unorganized behavior patterns
3. Unable to speak even 1 or 2 words
4. Suffering from problems like fits
5. Flapping of hands, etc.

In 2013, DSM(Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) has released its recent edition DSM-5 for autism types.

DSM-5 identifies ASD specifiers into 5 subtypes. These include:


1. Having intellectual impairment or without having an intellectual impairment.
2. Having language impairment or without having language impairment.
3. Based on environmental factors or genetic conditions.
4. Other factors including mental or neurodevelopmental disorders.
5. Inability to move in normal because of behavioral disorders like catatonia.


Yet, if the earlier specifiers test a child with a type of autism, no need to re-evaluate with DSM-5 specifiers.

Summary

The autism characteristics and intensity define the autism types. The earlier autism disorder types divide it into 4 subtypes.  In 2013, DSM has released another edition with 5 autism subtypes.


Autism Treatment

The autism cure depends on early treatment. The treatment types include:

1. Speech Therapy
2. Language Stimulation
3. Behaviour Modification
4. Psycho Therapy
5. Sensory Integration Therapy

The autism defect types and intensity of characteristics are different from the children. There will be no proper reason for autism. Hence, the disorder characteristics are the base for autism treatment.


Also, Autism Rating Scale decides the treatment. IQ tests are also performed if required. Then, the disorder status identifies autism in 3 categories. These are initial, medium, and advanced.


Doctors prescribe medicines for children having completed 3 years of age. This is for having the characteristics of fits, brain disorders, and arousal behavior.


Doctors give medicines to children to reduce their hyperactiveness. This is for being hyperactive and behavior of need for sameness.


Doctors prescribe anti-depressant medicines for children. This is for having repeated actions or repeated body movements.


Doctors prescribe gfcf diet to children. This gfcf diet is a gluten-free and casein-free diet.


Above all, the important treatment for autism is to rectify their psychological characteristics.


Also, parents should be a part of the treatment process. They should not expect the child much out of the disorder using the treatment.


Summary

The autism rating scale provides autism treatment using 5 different types of treatment therapies. It is important to have the children psychological characteristics rectified. Parents should not expect much out of the disorder.



Last Word

We cannot completely end autism in children. We can avoid most of the bad implications of dangerous disorder. This is possible when identified at the right time and with proper treatment.

It is important that such type of children should gain the potential to do their own work. This makes them independent of others from regular works. Also, it is imperative that they should have a good education so that they can lead a life on their own.

Finally, Parents should play a prominent role in understanding and caring for the children. Also, they should provide the utmost love and affection for the children. Parents should develop the mental ability to accept the child as is.

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